A short scientific paper has a clear structure, and this is very helpful when you come to write your paper. The stages in the paper and their sequence have developed in this way to accurately re-tell or recount a scientific activity and to interpret the results of this activity. In this way scientific knowledge is developed out of scientific experimentation.

Since the introduction and discussion (and conclusion) are generally the most difficult parts of your paper to write, many students leave these stages until after they have written the methods and the results. An abstract or summary is usually the last part that you write. Some researchers recommend writing the results first, followed by the discussion, conclusions, introduction and summary. Another approach involves writing the introduction first, then rewriting it before writing the summary.

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