In your results section, you should display the experimental data in tables and figures in an easy-to-understand form. You should briefly describe your findings, identifying the most important results in terms of the aims of the experiment. You need to report your results in a logical sequence, linking from one result to the next. Your tables and figures should be clearly presented with appropriate legends and annotations.

The 2 main difficulties with results sections are:

  1. A results section that contains only tables and figures. This tells the reader nothing about why the results are presented in this way or order.
  2. A results section that contains explanations of the significance of the results. This belongs in the discussion section.

Dos and Don'ts

Do refer to your tables and figures and introduce their content. Don’t simply repeat the content of the figures and tables.
Do highlight the most important result(s). Don’t generalise or interpret your results.
Do summarise and compare results. Don’t just list the results.
Do write with certainty about your results.  
Do identify unexpected results.  

Click on the exercise icon to find out what you already know about writing a results section.

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